At skin skills, myself and business partner have aimed to provide the most up to date and relevant information that professionals working in Aesthetics need to allow them to offer the most holistic experience for patients. Over the last year we have aimed to educate professionals, and we have discovered a need for anyone interested in treating their skin for unbiased information on cosmetic procedures and products. Today we look at Micro needling and we hope to educate anyone interested in having this procedure done, so that they are informed to make the best decision.
Micro needling has taken the skincare industry by storm in the last few years. If you are like most women who are slowly but surely noticing the changes in their skin texture you have probably explored the idea of either having a micro needling session done or buying a device yourself. Hailed as the treatment from everything to fine lines and wrinkles, to acne scarring and hyperpigmentation, Micro needling has become the most non-invasive way to successfully treat any texture related concern on the skin.
In today’s Blog post, we will explore everything there is to know about where micro needling comes from, different types of micro needling devices and whether you should consider getting your own homecare device or leave it to the professionals?
A Micro needling session usually involves a cleansing process (which sometimes involves a mild exfoliation), application of numbing cream which contains anaesthetic like lidocaine, sterilization process and application of a suitable and safe micro needling gliding gel. The treatment is then performed using a device which can be a roller or pen, that contains a needle cartridge which has 9-36 needles (depending on the manufacturer). The device is moved over the skin and the depth of penetration varies according to device, concern and area being treated. Generally, a depth of 0.5mm to 1.5mm is utilized to treat most skin concerns effectively, but more shallow penetration may be used around the eyes or in highly reactive skin.
The treatment creates tiny puncture wounds in the skin which stimulates the wound healing process. This involves the induction of new healthy collagen in the area, which can improve many different skin conditions. Generally, more control can be maintained during the treatment with a micro needling pen, as opposed to a roller as the depth of penetration can be adjusted during the treatment. Rollers are however great when used for the purpose of assisting with the penetration of beneficial ingredients for various skin conditions. This treatment can generally be performed on most skin conditions except active rosacea or acne, and although many contra indications should be considered, it is a low risk procedure when done in the correct environment by a trained operator.
After the treatment is complete, there is generally a 3-5 day period of redness and sensitivity, and one should be careful when applying products in the first 24 hours as the incorrect product could lead to infection. Some swelling can be expected, and some people have slight dryness and peeling once the skin heals. Results are generally excellent, but 4-6 sessions are needed to truly see a difference in the skin. In some cases, with severe acne scarring up to 12 sessions might be necessary to achieve a noticeable improvement in the skin.
There are many different devices on the market, and some are now being sold directly to the consumer for home use. Some of the devices have been around for very long, and offers high quality needles, with accurate penetration adjustment settings. They also have oscillating heads which makes it possible to get the maximum bang for your buck. One of the biggest advantages to having a trained professional or doctor perform the treatment for you, is the fact that they can customise the product used during the treatment, they can provide ultimate comfort by numbing the skin with medical grade numbing creams and they can customise your sessions by adding other treatments in between which will speed up the rate at which you see results. Penetration depth is important as it needs to be adjusted according to the concern being treated. Work too deeply and you can possibly cause scarring and hyperpigmentation whereas working too shallow could limit improvement in skin conditions relating to ageing and acne scarring. Safety is an important factor as well as there are many contra indications. These include but are not limited to:
- People with auto immune disorders
- People using blood thinners
- Diabetics that have poor healing
- People receiving treatment for cancer
- Skin diseases such as active acne
It’s also worth mentioning that using a numbing cream could have very serious consequences should you be allergic to any of the anaesthetic ingredients in the product. As it enters the blood stream, it can cause serious problems with heart rate and breathing and should therefore be avoided if you are unsure if an allergy exists.
Generally, you can expect to pay anywhere between R850 to R2000 for a micro needling treatment, and this is entirely up to the person performing the treatment and what other additions they make to the treatment. Micro needling pens are available to purchase for around R1500 – R3000 online. Although it will always be safer and more effective if the procedure is being done by a trained professional if you do purchase your own device make sure you abide by the following rules:
- Not all devices are reputable, some come from suppliers who are not trust worthy and you should always research and check for reviews on the supplier.
- Make sure that you understand the settings on the device and how to adjust the needle depth depending on the area you work on.
- A new needle cartridge should be utilized with every treatment, as you may bleed, and cross infection can occur if needle cartridges are shared. Using a needle cartridge twice is very dangerous.
- The skin should be sterilized with Medical grade alcohol before the treatment commences, and you should always wear latex gloves while doing the treatment.
- Do not touch your phone or anything else while doing the treatment, as you may cause infection should you touch your face.
- Sterilize your device after every treatment.
- Avoid numbing creams as you may have a dangerous reaction to them.
- Only use gliding gels that are tested for safety with the use of micro needling. Some gliding mediums can cause infection, allergic reactions and other harmful side effects.
- Be careful to apply anything on the skin in the 24 hours following the treatment, as the skin has open channels that may become infected.
- Avoid all forms of exercise for 24 hours after the treatment.
- If excessive swelling, worsening redness, extreme itchiness and burning occurs after the treatment, or you notice any puss or infection on the skin, contact a medical doctor immediately as you may have an allergic reaction or infection that will need treatment.